Glasgow Paper - References

Air Transport Action Group. (n.d.). Facts & figures. Retrieved January 6, 2022, from

Allen, M., Axelsson, K., Caldecott, B., Hale, T., Hepburn, C., Mitchell-Larson, E., Malhi, Y., Otto, F., & Seddon, N. (2020). The Oxford Principles for Net Zero Aligned Carbon Offsetting. University of Oxford.

Associated Press. (2021, November 12). The Rise of ‘Revenge Travel.’ AP NEWS.

Beelen, J., & Jones, E. (2015). Redefining Internationalization at Home. The European Higher Education Area: Between Critical Reflections and Future Policies, 59–72.

Campbell, A., Nguyen, T., & Stewart, M. (2021, November 8). Going global vs. going green: Practitioners’ perceptions and concerns. CANIE COP26 Climate Action Week.

Climate Reality Project. (2021a, February 16). Climate and Environmental Justice.

Climate Reality Project. (2021b, October 15). What are climate change tipping points?

Climate Reality Project (n.d.). Climate 101: Feedback loops & tipping points.

Climate Reality Project (n.d.). Climate 101.

de Wit, H., & Altbach, P. G. (2021, December 4). Now is the time to get serious on the climate crisis. University World News.

de Wit, H., Hunter, F., Egron-Polak, E., & Howard, L. (Eds.). (2015). Internationalisation of Higher Education. A Study for the European Parliament, Brussels.

Drijfhout, S., Bathiany, S., Beaulieu, C., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Huntingford, C., Scheffer, M., Sgubin, G., & Swingedouw, D. (2015). Catalogue of abrupt shifts in Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change climate models. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(43), E5777–E5786.

Exponential Roadmap Initiative, Race to Zero, & SME Climate HUB. (2020). The 1.5C business playbook: Building a strategy for exponential climate action towards net-zero emissions.

Friedlingstein, P., O’Sullivan, M., Jones, M. W., Andrew, R. M., Hauck, J., Olsen, A., Peters, G. P., Peters, W., Pongratz, J., Sitch, S., Le Quéré, C., Canadell, J. G., Ciais, P., Jackson, R. B., Alin, S., Aragão, L. E. O. C., Arneth, A., Arora, V., Bates, N. R., … Zaehle, S. (2020). Global Carbon Budget 2020. Earth System Science Data, 12(4), 3269–3340.

Girardin, C. A. J., Jenkins, S., Seddon, N., Allen, M., Lewis, S. L., Wheeler, C. E., Griscom, B. W., & Malhi, Y. (2021). Nature-based solutions can help cool the planet—If we act now. Nature, 593(7858), 191–194.

Global Carbon Project (GCP). (n.d.). Retrieved January 6, 2022, from

Grönman, K., Kasurinen, H., Uusitalo, V., Väisänen, S., & Soukka, R. (2020). Carbon Handprint. Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management.

Grönman, K., Pajula, T., Sillman, J., Leino, M., Vatanen, S., Kasurinen, H., Soininen, A., & Soukka, R. (2019). Carbon handprint – An approach to assess the positive climate impacts of products demonstrated via renewable diesel case. Journal of Cleaner Production, 206, 1059–1072.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2022). Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability [Contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report of the IPCC].

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2021). Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis [Contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report of the IPCC].

International Civil Aviation Organization. (2019). Destination Green: The Next Chapter (2019 Environmental Report: Aviation and Environment, p. 376).

Jones, E., Leask, B., Brandenburg, U., & de Wit, H. (2021). University social responsibility and the internationalisation of higher education for society. Journal of Studies in International Education, Special Issue.

Lamont, A. (2021, November 8). Leaders Forum [Opening Remarks]. CANIE COP26 Climate Action Week. Online.

Lee, J. J., & Lundemo, O. A. (2021, June 5). Why sustainability is not enough in international education. University World News.

Lyons, K., & Westoby, P. (2014). Carbon colonialism and the new land grab: Plantation forestry in Uganda and its livelihood impacts. Journal of Rural Studies, 36, 13–21.

Lyons, O. (2008, April 17). Looking Toward the Seventh Generation [Conference Presentation]. American Indian Studies Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

Murray-Garcia, J., & Tervalon, M. (2017). Rethinking intercultural competence: Cultural humility in internationalising higher education. Intercultural Competence in Higher Education: International Approaches, Assessment and Application, 19–31.

NAFSA. (2021). NAFSA International Student Economic Value Tool. NAFSA.

Our World in Data. (2019). Which form of transport has the smallest carbon footprint? Our World in Data.

Patterson, K. P., Jameel, Y., Mehra, M., & Patrone, C. (2021). Girls’ education and family planning: Essential Components of climate adaptation and resilience. Project Drawdown.

Pidcock, R., & Yeo, S. (2016, August 8). Analysis: Aviation could consume a quarter of 1.5C carbon budget by 2050. Carbon Brief.

Ponce-Taylor, D. (2021, July 29). Regenerating Study Abroad. NAFSA Blog.

Project Drawdown. (2020a, February 6). Efficient Aviation.

Project Drawdown. (2020b, February 7). Health and Education.

Project Drawdown. (2021). Climate Solutions at Work.

Sackett, P., Steffen, W., & Jesson, K. (2018). What is a carbon budget? Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Government Climate Change Council.

Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi). (n.d.). Ambitious corporate climate action. Science Based Targets.

Shields, R. (2019). The sustainability of international higher education: Student mobility and global climate change. Journal of Cleaner Production, 217, 594–602.

Stanley, S. K., Hogg, T. L., Leviston, Z., & Walker, I. (2021). From anger to action: Differential impacts of eco-anxiety, eco-depression, and eco-anger on climate action and wellbeing. The Journal of Climate Change and Health, 1, 100003.

Times Higher Education (THE) Student Pulse. (2021). Student views on sustainability and its influence on study choices [Headline findings from a survey of 2,000 prospective students].

UNESCO. (2002). Code of Good Practice in the Provision of Transnational Education. UNESCO.

United Nations Brundtland Commission. (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. (2015). Paris Agreement.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. (1997). Kyoto Protocol.

United Nations Sustainable Development. (n.d.). United Nations Sustainable Development Goals—Time for Global Action for People and Planet. Retrieved January 6, 2022, from

United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2015, August 28). Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator [Data and Tools].

United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2016, January 12). Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data [Overviews and Factsheets].

Wiedmann, T. and Minx, J. (2008). A Definition of 'Carbon Footprint'. In: C. C. Pertsova, Ecological Economics Research Trends: Chapter 1, pp. 1-11, Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge NY, USA.

World Business Council for Sustainable Development & World Resources Institute. (2004). The greenhouse gas protocol: A corporate accounting and reporting standard.

World Meteorological Organization. (2021, January 14). 2020 was one of three warmest years on record.